Flowers, wherever they grow, they instantly brighten the place. They bring instant color, life and vibe to a previously dull garden. Flowers can also add an aesthetic touch to any house that they are a part of. Not only that, flowers act as great mood boosters and make you feel one with the nature. Truth be told, you can never have too many flowers.
Flowers are not very tricky to grow once you have a grip on the basics. We will take a step by step tour through some basic tips on flower gardening that will aid you in establishing a perfect growing flowers garden on your own.
Know your Flowers
The first step in becoming a successful flower gardener is to know your flowers. Different flowers need different kind of atmosphere, watering and soil. Therefore, what may be beneficial for a specific variety may prove to be a disaster for another? You need to prioritize between the color, size of the plant, time of bloom, height and a lot more.
You need to consider each and every aspect of the space itself in which you plan to grow these flowers. Do you want to have an eco-system with humming birds, bees and butterflies or do you want to have the beautiful patch of greenery all to yourself? Is the space intended for flower gardening big or small? Does it have a lot of shade or does it have to face the sun all day long? There are a lot of flower plants that love to stay in the sun all day. But the kind of flowers that prefer shade is significantly less; these include primroses, hosta, astilbe and trollis which are perennials and impatiens, viola, pansies, begonias, coleus and fuchsia which are annuals.
What are Perennials and Annuals?
Perennials are the flowers that bloom year after year until they have reached maturity. The maturing time differs from plant to plant. The perennials, after maturing need replacement. However, when they are still blooming, they can be divided and regrown very easily. Annual flowers have a life-cycle of one year after which they need to be replaced. Many annuals reseed themselves if left to go to seed. Many annuals are technically perennials, seeding themselves annually and then blooming again.
Perennial flowers can either be planted from seeds or grown from distribution. Owing to their relatively long life-cycles they do not require much as long as the soil preparation is done properly. Annauls on the other hand are much choosier as to where they grow. They require soil that is richer in nutrients so it is recommended that the annuals be bought as starts and transplanted in to the garden.
Soil factor is perhaps the most important factor when growing flowers. The preparation of soil properly ensures that the flowers flourish well irrespective of the fact that they are annuals or perennials.
If the space that you want to grow flowers into is weedy or rocky, you will first need to get rid of all the weeds, roots and the rocks. Once you have gotten rid of the surface drivel, you will need to double dig the place. Double digging is accomplished by first digging a ditch in the garden or space two shovel lengths deep. Dig another ditch and dump its soil into the first trench and continue until you have covered all of the garden or space. Add compost to the soil while dumping it into the ditches for additional fertility.
Planting is the trickiest part of the flower growing process. It seems very simple but requires some care. If the seeds have not been planted properly, they simply wouldn’t grow. The important things to note when planting seeds are:
- Make sure that the soil has been properly prepared.
- Make sure that the seeds have been hardened before you actually plant them.
- It is recommended that the hole you dig to plant the seed in is about twice the depth of the seed.
- Add compost or organic fertilizer along with soil to ensure proper seed nourishment if the soil is void of minerals naturally.
Maintaining your Garden
To keep a garden blooming, maintenance is the key factor. It is important to regularly give your garden some time to ensure that:
- Weeds have not established in the garden.
- The plants are not completely dry or too wet.
- There is proper aeration space between consecutive plants.
Annual flowers as discussed above, are a bit more delicate as compared to perennials. Therefore, annuals requires some extra care. It shouldn’t be taken as however, that perennials do not require any care at all.
To take care of your annuals, follow these instructions:
- Water the annuals ½ to 1 inch per week. Take care as to not over water them by taking into account the rainfall.
- Water at early morning hours so that the plants have time to dry out during the day. This way they wouldn’t get fungal diseases.
- Annuals need one to two fertilizer application during the growth season. As with watering, the plants should not be over fertilized as it can burn them. Under fertilization on the other hand can cause yellowing of the leaves and weakening of the plant bodies.
To take care of your perennials, follow these instructions:
- Water the perennials up to 1 inch per week during the first year. Read about the watering requirement of your plants as they may vary from one to another.
- Perennials do not require much fertilization. Adding compost or organic fertilizer at the start of every blooming season is recommended to ensure their healthy growth.
- Dividing the perennials does not get you more flowers for the garden but is also a great way to keep them healthy. Divide the plants during early fall or early spring as it is the ideal division time. But beware that carelessness can result in damage to the plant roots and you would want to avoid that at every cost.